A disk with bad sectors is permanently damaged and, if the bad sectors are in use by the file system, it is very likely that data in the damaged area is unrecoverable. This can signify that your hard drive is coming to the end of its life. It is possible, however, to manage the situation and create an Image for restoring or mounting and copying files and folders. See this Wikipedia article http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bad_sector for more information.
If a bad sector is encountered during image creation then you receive this error in your backup log:
Backup aborted! Unable to read from disk - Error Code 23 - Data error (cyclic redundancy check).
|This is considered a fatal condition because data cannot be read and the image aborts.|
Open a command prompt with elevated privileges. See Running an elevated command prompt for help with this.
Run chkdsk c: /r from a command prompt, replacing c: with the appropriate drive letter.
The /r switch is important and causes the entire file system to be checked for bad sectors. This requires a reboot to complete and may take some time.
|This operation maps out any bad sectors in use by the file system.|
Immediately create an Image of your drive. This ensures all file system clusters are located on good sectors.
|It's important to realize that you have lost data if clusters are relocated, as the data contained in them is unrecoverable. Consider replacing your disk.|
If running chkdsk is unsuccessful, force Macrium Reflect to continue on Error 23.
If the option 'Log each bad cluster detail' selected then each sectors will be reported in the Image log, e.g:
Read Error: Bad sector found in cluster 2353222
Read Error: Bad sector found in cluster 2353223
Otherwise a summary of bad clusters will be reported at the end.
Bad Sectors: 112 Clusters located in bad sectors. Data may be lost